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The most disagreement occurred when we asked about the political reactions to the terror attack. Three out of five believe we have not confronted right-wing extremism enough, whilst just over one in five disagree. As many as a third of respondents believe that the Labour Party has politically exploited July 22.

Anders Ravik Jupskås og Øyvind Bugge Solheim / Center for Research on Extremism (C-REX)
How do Norwegians interpret July 22 today?, Center for Research on Extremism (C-REX), 2021
Illustration with the text OSLO, where the last letter is replaced with a red heart.

Social media and the love narrative on 22 July

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Let’s punish the perpetrator with silence and overwhelm those affected with love. Let's not give him what he’s after! #oslo #utøya

Twitter / 24 July 2011
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If we are to keep our promise that this will not happen again, someone has to be there and keep saying ‘This was not an incident, this was a terror attack – not only was it an attack on democracy, but also an attack on our social democratic values.

Eirin Kristin Kjær / survivor from Utøya
Witness testimony film 22 July Centre / 2018
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Today, we are all members of the AUF.

Siv Jensen / party leader Progress party
Twitter / 23 July 2011
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Many people find it very difficult to talk about violence and harassment towards immigrants in the wake of the bombing. The majority want to preserve the memories of a cohesive community and say that they do not want to bring the negative debate back to life.

The Norwegian Centre against Racism
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It’s almost paradoxical. That those of us who were attacked for exercising our freedom of speech are constantly forced to respond to how our hard-earned experiences “threaten” other people’s freedom of speech.

Astrid Hoem / AUF leader and survivor from Utøya
We remained silent for a long time. We cannot afford silence, Aftenposten, 2021
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Regardless of how uncomfortable it is for the right to discuss 22 July, the alternative is much worse. For far too long, the Workers’ Youth League has stood alone in the face of hatred, threats and conspiracy theories.

Ola Svenneby / Young Conservatives Leader 2021
Two promises to the Workers’ Youth League, Vårt land. 2021
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I hope the #Oslo #Utoya murderer is dealt with in a reasonable, just and democratic manner... because that is everything he is NOT.

Twitter, 23 July 2011
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I chose to become a teacher, teaching older children. To contribute to ensuring that this would never happen again. I did it for Anders, Gunnar, Simon, Johannes and all the others who did not get a chance to grow up. [...] The new curricula make it crystal clear that pupils must be equipped to learn and understand, but it is incredibly difficult to manage the legacy in a positive manner when the politicians fail to lead the way.

Iril Myrvang Gjørv / Lector and survivor from Utøya
VG, 10 February 2021
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22 July is not an ace the Workers’ Youth League keeps up its sleeve. It is the trump card the rest of us can play against them so that we can continue to live under the illusion that everything is just like before.

Snorre Valen / forfatter
The Utøya Card. 2021
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When terror struck Norway on 22 July 2011, many illusions shattered in society. When the next right-wing extremist attack occurred on 10 August 2019, the fear and all the painful memories returned. […] 10 August served as a reminder that our society is threatened by racist and cruel forces that we need to stand up against, together.

Hawa Musse / author
“The Islamophobia that was normalised” i Never silent, never forget. 2021
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Instead of taking proper action to weed out islamophobia and racism after 22 July, a lot of the public discourse has been about freedom of speech: That it is too easy to offend Muslims. We are no longer considered just a security problem but also a challenge to free speech.

Hawa Muuse / author
“The Islamophobia that was normalised” i Never silent, never forget / 2021
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We also need to understand it from a political context. If we are unable to understand the political context, we cannot fully understand why it happened, how it happened and the consequences it should or will have. A lack of political debate could also lead to a lack of political priorities. Such as help for survivors.

Tonje Brenna / Minister of education and survivor from Utøya
Uniforum, 7 June 2021
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The debate over sanity was important and the debate about contingency was also important. Grief and love were important. Perhaps we should have paid more attention to the political debate after the judgment had been handed down and question of sanity had been answered. It was said that this was an act of right-wing extremism and an attack on AUF and the Labour Party, but this ended up being ignored.

Jens Stoltenberg / former Prime Minister
Witness account in University of Oslo Aula, 21 July 2021
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September 11th changed the world. It changed my life. It changed American society. It changed our way of flying, geopolitics. July 22nd, it didn’t even change Norway. Yes, we have this wound and we have to recover and it will never be as it used to be. But what has changed?

Åsne Seierstad / author
Ten years on, Norway still deals with wounds from Breivik massacre, The Irish Times, 19 July, 2021
 Illustration image: Cut in rock with water. Several trees at low altitude. Cloudy weather

Sites of remembrance and debates