The 22 July terror attack
22 July 2011 a bomb exploded in the Government Quarter of central Oslo and killed eight people. Later that afternoon, 69 people were killed in a mass shooting on Utøya island.
The terror attack was planned and executed by the right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik. He claimed he was defending Norway from a politically organised and secret "multicultural project". He wanted to attack the democratically appointed government, and brutally targeted the Workers Youth League's (AUF) summer camp at Utøya to stop recruitment to the Labor party.